Agriculture plays a dominant role in the economies of sub-Saharan African countries though productivity has historically lagged behind other regions.
Multilateral and bilateral donors generally intend for economic development aid to recipient countries to decrease over time and for those countries to move toward greater self-sufficiency. Recent EPAR research looks at whether the concept of "self-sufficiency" for aid recipient countries is defined in the academic literature, grey literature, and donor policy documents.
Foreign aid donors face many decisions about how they should disburse aid, and must be able to justify these choices to their constituents. Among the choices that donors must make is whether to allocate via bilateral versus multilateral channels.